An adult male chicken is called a “rooster.” Roosters are larger, generally more brightly colored, and have large combs on the tops of their heads compared to hens (female chickens). Roosters have been on farms, loudly proclaiming “cockadoodledoo” for about 5,000 years. Chickens can fly but only short distances because they are heavy.
Despite their reputation, pigs are not dirty animals. They’re actually quite clean. The pig’s reputation as a filthy animal comes from its habit of rolling in mud to cool off. Pigs that live in cool, covered environments stay very clean. Pigs are also known as hogs or swine. A baby pig is called a “piglet.” Pigs are considered to be among the smartest of all domesticated animals. “Domesticated” means tame and kept as a pet or on a farm.
Did you know that all cows are female? Males are called “bulls.” Baby cows are called “calves.” A cow has 32 teeth, and uses them to chew about 50 times per minute and eat about 40 pounds of food a day!
Female sheep are called “ewes,” and males are called “rams.” Baby sheep are called “lambs.” Sheep have rectangular pupils that allow them to see a field of vision of up to 320 degrees, which helps them avoid predators. Domestic sheep usually have a crimped hair called “woo” and often have horns forming a spiral.