Elephants are the largest land mammals on Earth and have massive bodies, large ears, and long trunks. The African elephant is the largest of all elephant species and weighs up to eight tons. Elephants can feed up to 18 hours and consume hundreds of pounds in a single day! Elephants use their trunks to pick up objects, sound warnings, and communicate with other elephants, or take in water for drinking or bathing. Both male and female African elephants grow tusks and can be used to protect the elephant's trunk, lift and move objects, gather food, and strip bark from trees.
Did you know that Rhinoceroses get their name from the Greek words rhino (nose) and ceros (horn)? Certain species of rhinos have 2 horns while other species have 1 horn. To protect their sensitive skin from sunburn and biting insects, rhinos roll around in mud pits and the mud acts as sunscreen and also protects them from insects. Female rhinos give birth to a single calf, which weighs over 100 pounds!
Lions are the second largest cat, just behind Tigers. Lions are the only cats that live in groups. These groups are called a “pride” and can have up to 30 lions. Female lions are the main hunters. A lion’s roar can be heard up to 5 miles away!
Giraffes are the tallest mammals on Earth! And they are fast too! Giraffes can run up to 35 miles per hour over short distances and 10 miles per hour over long distances. Giraffes spend most of their life standing up (even sleeping)! A giraffe's spots are like human fingerprints...not two giraffes have the same spots pattern!